Neuronal Dynamics and miRNA Signaling Differ between SH-SY5Y and Mutant iPSC-Derived AD Models upon Modulation with miR-124 Mimic and Inhibitor.

 Sep 14, 2021

Publication: Cells

Neuronal miRNA dysregulation may have a role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). miRNA(miR)-124 is largely abundant and a critical player in many neuronal functions. However, the lack of models reliably recapitulating AD pathophysiology hampers our understanding of miR-124's role in the disease. Using the classical human SH-SY5Y- neuroblastoma cells (SH-) and the mutant iPSC-derived neurons (iNEU-), we observed a sustained upregulation of miR-124/miR-125b/miR-21, but only miR-124 was consistently shuttled into their exosomes. The miR-124 mimic reduced gene expression in both AD models. While miR-124 mimic in SH- neurons led to neurite outgrowth, mitochondria activation and small Aβ oligomer reduction, in iNEU- cells it diminished Tau phosphorylation, whereas miR-124 inhibitor decreased dendritic spine density. In exosomes, cellular transfection with the mimic predominantly downregulated miR-125b/miR-21/miR-146a/miR-155. The miR-124 inhibitor upregulated miR-146a in the two experimental cell models, while it led to distinct miRNA signatures in cells and exosomes. In sum, though miR-124 function may be dependent on the neuronal AD model, data indicate that keeping miR-124 level strictly controlled is crucial for proper neuronal function. Moreover, the iNEU- cellular model stands out as a useful tool for AD mechanistic studies and perhaps for the development of personalized therapeutic strategies.