MicroRNAs in POI, DOR and POR.

 Feb 25, 2023

Publication: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics

Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a clinical syndrome defined by loss of ovarian activity before the age of 40 years. However, the etiology of approximately 90% patients remains unknown. Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) and poor ovarian response (POR) are related to POI in clinic. The main purpose of this review was to evaluate the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis and therapeutic potential for POI, DOR and POR.

A literature search was conducted using six databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI and Wangfang Data) to obtain relevant studies.

This review enlightens expression profiles and functional studies of miRNAs in ovarian insufficiency in animal models and humans. Functional studies emphasized the role of miRNAs in steroidogenesis, granulosa cell proliferation/apoptosis, autophagy and follicular development by regulating target genes in specific pathways, such as the PI3K/AKT/mTOR, TGFβ, MAPK and Hippo pathways. Differentially expressed circulating miRNAs provided novel biomarkers for diagnosis and prediction, such as miR-22-3p and miR-21. Moreover, exosomes derived from stem cells restored ovarian function through miRNAs in chemotherapy-induced POI models.

Differential miRNA expression profiles in patients and animal models uncovered the underlying mechanisms and biomarkers of ovarian insufficiency. Exosomal miRNAs can restore ovarian function against chemotherapy-induced POI, which needs further investigation to develop novel preventive and therapeutic strategies in clinical practice.