Cutaneous wound healing in diabetes is impaired and would develop into nonhealing ulcerations. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the wound-healing process remains largely obscure. Here, we found that cutaneous PDGFRα+ fibroblast-expressing lncRNA-H19 (lncH19) accelerates the wound-healing process via promoting dermal fibroblast proliferation and macrophage infiltration in injured skin. PDGFRα+ cell-derived lncH19, which is lower in contents in the wound-healing cutaneous tissue of patients and mice with type 2 diabetes, is required for wound healing through promoting proliferative capacity of dermis fibroblasts as well as macrophage recruitments. Mechanistically, lncH19 relieves the cell cycle arrest of fibroblasts and increases macrophage infiltration in injured tissues via inhibiting p53 activity and GDF15 releasement. Furthermore, exosomes derived from adipocyte progenitor cells efficiently restore the impaired diabetic wound healing via delivering lncH19 to injured tissue. Therefore, our study reveals a new role for lncRNA in regulating cutaneous tissue repair and provides a novel promising insight for developing clinical treatment of diabetes.